War of 1812: Red Jacket, Chief of the Seneca


Red Jacket took his name, one of several he used as an adult, for a highly favored embroidered coat given to him by the British for his wartime services. The Seneca allied with the British Crown during the American Revolution, both because of their long trading relationships and in the hope that the British could limit colonial encroachment on their territory. After their ally lost, the Seneca were forced to cede much of their territory to the United States. Many of their people resettled in Canada at what is now the Six Nations Reserve in Ontario. During the War of 1812 Red Jacket supported the American side.



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